Metaphysical Meanings of Crystals and Gems

Amazonite

Amazonite is great for non-verbal expression. It can act as a good energy filter, blocking geopathic stress as well as electromagnetic pollution emitted from computers, microwaves, or cell phones. Amazonite soothes aggravation and emotional trauma, eases irritation, and calms all of the chakras.

Amazonite is helpful in clearing energy blockages and balancing the Yin and Yang energies. Meditating with Amazonite can bring the subtle bodies into alignment, and help to open one's subconscious to subtle messages from the higher realms.

Amazonite also assists the user in seeing different sides of the same issue, and balances masculine and feminine energy as well as different personality traits. Use Amazonite on the Heart and Throat Chakras to enhance loving expression, or with the Third Eye Chakra to open intuition. Amazonite can aid in a peaceful transition when it is time to leave this life. 

Amethyst

Amethyst is a powerful and protective crystal, and is a first choice of many metaphysicians. Amethyst was used in ancient times to recover from both physical addictions as well as addictive relationships, and became known as the “stone of sobriety”. A natural stress reliever, Amethyst encourages and supports inner strength.

The strong healing energy of Amethyst can transmute lower vibrations to higher frequencies, transforming negative energy to love energy.

Amethyst connects the physical plane with higher realm, making it a good choice when working with the Third Eye Chakra. Amethyst also provides a wonderful peaceful energy for meditations, and helps with developing intuition and psychic abilities.

Amethyst opens and activates the Crown Chakra, allowing easier access to the divine. Amethyst enhances spiritual awareness and spiritual wisdom, promoting a higher state of consciousness. Amethyst clears and repairs holes in the aura and draws in Divine energy, as well as aligning and fostering cooperation between the energy bodies.

Angelite

As its name suggests, Angelite has a connection to the higher realms, facilitating angelic communication. It is a very soothing, peaceful, and uplifting stone quite helpful during times of transition. Angelite heals and clears the Throat, Third-Eye, and Crown Chakras, and sends energy to the Soul-Star Chakra, that lies 6 inches above the head. The higher vibrations sent to these chakras allows for greater spiritual growth, enhanced intuition, and clearer communication. Angelite's ability to unblock the upper chakras clears the area to allow for the influx of higher vibrational information coming into the auric field, to be processed by the lower chakras.

Angelite (Anhydrite) can be used during meditation to enhance the meditative state, and to clarify issues in one's current situations as they arise. By depositing inspiration from guides and angels into the chakras, Angelite allows them to be integrated into the whole even after one is done working with the stone.

Physically, Angelite may work with the Throat Chakra to help treat any ailments there, such as throat cancer, swollen glands, and strep throat.  Angelite/Anhydrite may also heal issues of the bones and joints, and provides an overall strengthening of these systems via more efficient calcium absorption through the blood.

Apatite

Apatite enhances manifestation of ideas to reality and facilitates getting results, and has traditionally been associated with humanitarian efforts and teaching.  As a Third-Eye Chakra Crystal, Apatite can initiate or increase the development of psychic abilities, such as clairvoyance and clairaudience.  Meditation with an Apatite Crystal on the Third-Eye Chakra can open this chakra up to more subtle vibrations.  Apatite is also known for bringing clarity of mind and expansion of insights, and is especially helpful when diligent study is needed to uncover the truth.

Also a powerful Throat Chakra stone, Apatite enhances communication and self-expression on all levels, making this a great stone for teachers.  Apatite encourages openness and ease in social situations, a quality that makes it especially useful for autistic children.  Apatite is a good stone for Gemini, and acts as a good balancer of energies, emotions, chakras, and subtle bodies, as well as the male and female aspects of the self.

Aquamarine

Aquamarine resonates to the energy of the ocean, helping the holder to connect with the nature spirits of the sea. Seamen carried Aquamarine in ancient times to promote safe travel on the water and to protect against drowning. The soothing energy of Aquamarine makes it perfect companion to use as a stone of courage, protection, and to calm fears and phobias. 

Aquamarine is used most often with the Throat Chakra to enhance spiritual communication and to clear communication blocks. Aquamarine helps to promote verbal self-expression. Work with Aquamarine to help overcome judgment of others and encourage tolerance.

Aquamarine can also work with the Heart Chakra by helping one to realize their innermost truth. Aquamarine facilitates the releasing of old patterns of behavior that no longer serve, which can actually inhibit personal and spiritual growth. Meditating with Aquamarine can bring new insights from the higher self to be applied in daily life.

Aquamarine also helps to open the intuitive mind, bringing higher frequency information in through the Third Eye Chakra. The flowing energies of Aquamarine can balance the subtle bodies, align the chakras, and contribute to one recognizing and harmonizing with the natural flow of life. Spiritual adepts work with Aquamarine for its ability to repel dark energy and will work with it during rituals.  

Physically, Aquamarine may be excellent for ameliorating ailments of the Throat Chakra organs such as the thyroid and the pituitary, and may calm sore throats. Aquamarine may also be helpful for allergic responses, by its action of calming an over reactive immune system.

Auralite Amethyst

Auralite amethyst is a rare type of amethyst that has a mixture of 2 to 7 different minerals from a list of 23. This gem is estimated to be 1.2 billion years old and it is believed to have formed in a time where the comets impacting the earth melted all these different types of minerals and elements, together creating what is known today as Auralite-23.

This powerful gemstone disturbs the comfortable and comforts the disturbed. In other words, it works like a magnet that attracts to one’s life situations, people, circumstances, things and events that we need in our lives in order to grow and become the better versions of ourselves.

Auralite is a powerful crystal that should not be taken lightly. This is why is known as a stone of change which can go as far as destroying the old in order to build it all over again. Work with this stone slowly as you get used to its high vibration.

This gem is one of the only crystals in the world that intertwines with a person’s soul creating a mutual bond of friendship, mentorship, love and affection. Just having an Auralite near you is enough for the healing to begin.

Auralite behaves also like a cleaner, removing blockages, negativity and things that no longer serve us in our journey.  Auralite can balance all the 7 chakras from the body and it is ideal for those who are looking for radical change in their life in order to achieve what their hearts desire the most.

Azurite

Azurite has been called the "Stone of Heaven" that aids in the "Pursuit of the Heavenly Self." Metaphysically, Azurite is a lovely Third Eye Chakra stone, awakening psychic abilities and helping the user to recognize intuition and spiritual guidance when it occurs. 

Helpful in relieving worries, phobias, and nagging negative thoughts, Azurite also helps one to recognize the areas in life needing attention. Native Americans used Azurite as a sacred stone for communication with Indian Spirit Guides. The Mayans are said to have used it for sacred, mystical communication via thought. 

Azurite infuses intellectual logic with love, fostering compassion for oneself and others. Used with the Throat Chakra, Azurite encourages communication from the heart and heightens awareness of Spiritual communication. Azurite can help dissolve energy blockages, communication blockages, as well as blockages to one's progress. Azurite calms and relieves mental stress. Azurite is useful in meditation to clear the mind, promote deep introspection and visualization, and allow clear recognition of intuitive messages that are received.

Physically, Azurite may increase blood-oxygen levels; may repair brain cells, alleviate bone and joint problems and ease sore throats. Azurite also may help heal the kidneys, gall bladder and thyroid.

Black Onyx

A powerful protection stone, Black Onyx absorbs and transforms negative energy, and helps to prevent the drain of personal energy. Black Onyx aids the development of emotional and physical strength and stamina, especially when support is needed during times of stress. Black Onyx fosters wise decision making. 

Use Black Onyx for working with the Root Chakra, for grounding, and to help realize material goals. Black Onyx is a good stone for anyone with a strong presence of Saturn in his/her natal chart. This is a strength-giving stone and can provide support for self discipline issues. Because it helps to hold physical memories, Black Onyx can be useful in healing old wounds or past life issues.

Bloodstone

Bloodstone is a powerful healing stone used for thousands of years for its healing properties. Great at grounding negative energy and cleansing the body, Bloodstone brings love into any situation and helps ground the negative energies surrounding that issue.

Bloodstone has been used to increase energy and strength. Hold Tumbled Bloodstone when you're in need of an extra boost, or feel the need to detoxify. You can carry Tumbled Bloodstone in your pocket to keep you feeling balanced, and to help you overcome fearfulness and worry. Bloodstone is thought to enhance intuition and creativity, and may be used to combat fatigue, irritability and confusion.

Blue Lace Agate

Agate is formed with bands of microscopic Quartz crystals. It is both a grounding and a spiritual stone, allowing for one to bring their spiritual experiences into their everyday reality. Agate is believed to improve mental functions and can help where issues of clarity and stability are concerned. Agate is also helpful in overcoming negative emotions by bringing love into the chakras. Although they work very slowly and deliberately, this gentle nature of Agate helps it to have a lasting impact.

Blue Lace Agate is great for activating and healing the Throat Chakra and for balancing the brain. This stone enhances verbal communication and expression, helping one to be more discerning in their word choices. Put a piece of tumbled Blue Lace Agate in your pocket when speaking in public to help clear away any jitters and promote clarity. It is said to be a very supportive stone, promoting the acceptance of one's emotions. This calming stone may help those who may be feeling depressed or worried, and is believed to bring peacefulness. Blue Lace Agate is may also be used for dissolving repressive blocks that inhibit expression. Writers can use Blue Lace Agate to help with articulating inspired ideas.

Carnelian

Used in ancient times to protect the dead in their journey to the afterlife, Carnelian Agate, usually just called Carnelian, is a powerful Sacral Chakra Stone. Carnelian increases personal power and physical energy, gives courage, and boosts creativity and compassion. Mentally, Carnelian focuses analytical capabilities, and aids meditation by allowing deeper concentration and keeping out interrupting thoughts. 

Carnelian is useful in making decisions by keeping us focused on the here and now and not on past experiences. Carnelian calms anger and grounds you in reality, while keeping you aware of unconditional Love permeating the Universe. Carnelian encourages initiative and determination.

On the home front, Carnelian is useful to keep on hand, especially for the do-it-yourselfer, to prevent accidents. It is also used to protect the home from theft, fire and storm damage.

Physically, Carnelian may increase blood circulation, may aid in male impotency, increase appetite, alleviate problems of the liver, bladder, kidneys and spleen. It may help with PMS as well as anxiety associated with sexual anxieties.

Citrine

Powered by the Sun, Citrine warms, cleanses, and energizes.  Highly protective, Citrine makes a great tool for transmuting negative energy.  Citrine heightens self-discipline and willpower, attracting professional success and wealth.  It has been called "the merchant's stone", and can be placed in a cash box or drawer, or in the far-left corner, or "wealth corner", of the home, to attract abundance.  Carry Citrine in the purse or pocket as a general good-luck stone. 

Most often associated with the Sacral, Root, and Solar Plexus Chakras, Citrine can also be used to cleanse all of the Chakras. Sunny Citrine has a joyful vibration that transmits outward to those nearby, making these crystals ideal for any setting.  Working with Citrine can help one to overcome depression, release anger, and learn effective communication skills.  Citrine can activate one's imagination, bringing more creative visions to a clearer mind.  Citrine is often credited with opening the mind to new ideas, discerning which are most likely to succeed, allowing those to develop, and following through with them to their happy conclusion.

Physically, Citrine may support and enhance the spine, the digestive and elimination organs, and the metabolism.  Citrine may facilitate detoxification and stimulate circulation.  Often used for chronic fatigue, Citrine has a reputation of being able to increase energy and drive.  This property may also help those who are trying to lose weight, by encouraging one to be optimistic about achieving their goals. 

Garnet

Garnet has been used for centuries by emperors, knights, and warriors as a protective Talisman, by Hindu and Buddhist followers as a holy stone of enlightenment, as well as by Native North and South American Indian, Aztec, Mayan, and African Tribal cultures. 

The flash and fire of Garnet inspires a sense of lightness and brightness, illuminating to dark places and dark souls. Garnet is a good stone for depression, bringing joy and hope to its user, and helps lessen anger, especially towards oneself. Garnet's fire stimulates the survival instinct, bringing willpower and courage to a situation. Garnet will quickly "light a fire" under you, bringing those internalized ideas and feeling you have to the surface to be acted upon and carried out.

Powerful Garnet can cleanse the chakras of negative energies and reenergize them. Use Garnet to balance the Sacral Chakra and sex drive, and to aid in the controlled rise of Kundalini energy.

Garnet inspires love and passion, devotion and loyalty. A stone of commitment, Garnet encourages personal relationships of all kinds, and is a useful relationship tool both personally and in business.

Green Garnet

Green-Garnet is restorative and liberating. It’s a growth stone that is also a powerful conduit of birth, creation, development, and renewal.

It’s a powerful aid in nurturing a fledgling relationship or a new business endeavor. It will also promote a strengthened commitment to your higher purpose and spiritual growth.

It will bring new strength when you are experiencing a difficult time or a challenging period in your life.

It’s a stone that will cleanse the heart chakra, which may increase your physical vitality and zest for life. It may also induce feelings of kindness, compassion, and charity.

Green Jade

The "stone of fidelity," this Tumbled Green Jade is wonderful for working with the Heart Chakra — balancing male and female energies, and helping with dysfunctional relationships. Jade instills confidence, calms the nervous system and is a good stone for Libra.

This Tumbled Green Jade has a lovely healthful vibration. It connects to the energy of the Earth, and can be used for connecting to life-force, and for building and maintaining a sense of well-being in all areas of life. Although Jade is a Heart Chakra stone, it can be placed on the Third Eye Chakra for aid in dream work, during which new insights can be brought to the surface. It's work with the Heart Chakra allows one to tune into other's feelings, to enhance self-confidence, and to bring wisdom into new situations.  

Green Jade is considered a stone of abundance, helping one to make a greater connection with the source. This can make it a great stone for use in manifestation programs. It also helps to bring the recognition and gratitude of the blessings that already exist in one's life. Meditating with Green Jade can enhance the flow of abundance through one's life as well, by releasing blockages and helping one to recognize that the universe is unlimited and there is no lack.  

Physically, Green Jade may be helpful to the heart and nervous system. It may also help the body to absorb nutrients. Its attribute of clearing blockages may help with the circulatory system also.

Hematite

Hematite helps to absorb negative energy and calms you in times of stress or worry. Hematite is a very protective stone, and is great to carry to help you stay grounded in many situations. Hematite can boost confidence, and is also good for working with the Root Chakra.  

Hematite can help one to find their own gifts and to release self-imposed limitations. Hematite can help with the ascension process, by facilitating the integration of higher spiritual energies into our physical 3-D existence.  

Hematite is also used to protect against geopathic stress and electromagnetic smog, and is said to be a great detoxifying stone, and may be helpful for the liver and the blood. Hematite is said to be useful in legal situations, and is thought to strengthen one's self-confidence.

Iolite

Iolite helps in recovering balance, and is recommended for those suffering from disorientation, lack of motivation, chronic disorganization, and distraction. It strengthens the resolve to take on responsibility and carry through, and provides self-assurance and endurance in adverse situations. It is an excellent source of energy when used for the elimination of debt and the responsible management of money.

Iolite restores a sense of perspective to those who feel they are jinxed, and inspires anyone with a chaotic life to start to bring order in small practical ways.

Iolite resonates with the energy of twilight, a beautiful violet-blue that stimulates the astral bodies and psychic awareness. It reveals realms beyond the usual waking consciousness and is ideal for astral projection, dimensional and other inner vision works, and is excellent for past- and alternate-life work.

Iolite is a stone of the muses, activating the visionary, creative side of the mind, and accessing thoughts and ideas beyond the ordinary. It inspires creative self-expression through writing, song, movement and other artistic endeavors.

Kunzite

Kunzite is a very high vibration stone that activates the Heart Chakra and aligns it with the Throat and Third Eye Chakras to support loving communication.

Kunzite connects us to the source of unconditional love, centering us and giving us a sense of deep peace. Kunzite is a stone of romantic love, good for communication of love when you are nervous, as well as healing heartaches. Kunzite is also a stone of self-love, promoting humility and self-tolerance. Kunzite can strengthen the human energy field, clear the aura, and clear negative energy from a room or environment.

Kyanite

Blue Kyanite is especially good for working with the Throat Chakra and communication issues. Blue Kyanite helps to speak one’s truth with clarity, making it a great stone for public speakers and performers. Blue Kyanite also facilitates an alignment of all the subtle bodies, creating a larger and stronger aura.

An excellent Third-Eye Chakra stone, Blue Kyanite can pull very high vibrations in through this chakra to be processed as messages from other realms. It can transfer a high vibration, allowing for an opening of psychic abilities, especially during meditation. Blue Kyanite can also be used to promote lucid dreaming and astral travel.

Physically, Blue Kyanite may be useful for improving throat and voice ailments. It may help with mobility and speech difficulties, especially after a stroke. Blue Kyanite may keep bone marrow, cells, and tissue healthy. It may enhance brain function and the entire neurological system.

Kyanite transmits and amplifies high-frequency energies, making it a great stone for attunements and meditation. Kyanite brings a calming, tranquilizing energy to the body. Kyanite clears and calms you in preparation for meditation, and assists in receiving intuitive and psychic thoughts, as well as dream recall. Kyanite restores Qi (or Ki) to the physical body, and balances yin/yang energies.

Labradorite

Labradorite heightens intuition and enhances psychic abilities, making it great for working with the Third Eye Chakra. Intuition and intellect are balanced by Labradorite, illusions are dispelled and true intentions are seen more easily with its use. Labradorite is also very protective against negative energies, balancing and protecting the aura and sealing the aura from energy leaks.

Labradorite is useful for bringing up and healing old memories, including past life issues. Useful during times of transformation and change, Labradorite can also help prepare the body and soul for ascension.


Lapis

Good for balancing the Throat Chakra, Lapis Lazuli reminds us of the power of the spoken word, fosters full verbal expression, and clears problems caused by "swallowing your tongue." Lapis Lazuli encourages clear expression when sharing information with others, including easier communication of anger.

Also a Third Eye Chakra opener, Lapis Lazuli connects the physical and celestial kingdoms. Deeply peaceful, Lapis Lazuli provides wisdom into mystical realms and connection with spiritual guardians. Lapis Lazuli is a good stone to expand intuitive skills while remaining objective and open to reasoned analysis. Lapis Lazuli also protects against psychic attack, shielding negative energy and returning any negative vibrations to their source.

Larimar

Larimar can aid in the process of using power and knowledge wisely. Most often with the Throat, Thymus and Heart Chakras, Larimar encourages one to speak their inner truth from the heart with complete clarity. Larimar helps to facilitate meditation and connection with Source. Its soothing energies enhance calm, bringing a gentle peace and serenity to the user. Larimar can help to ease depression and apathy.

Those who find themselves overly-critical of themselves and others can use Larimar to gently open the heart and mind. Larimar brings in the energy of a more positive perspective. Larimar helps to clarify the user's current perception of all things in life (both within and without), that need to change and supports the process of change.

Malachite

Malachite absorbs energy, draws emotions to the surface, and clears and activates the chakras. An extremely powerful metaphysical stone, Malachite is called the "stone of transformation" and is used for deep energy cleaning. For this reason, some metaphysicians recommend using Malachite in small doses.

Malachite amplifies energies of all kinds, both positive and negative. Said by some to be one of the most important healing stones, Malachite helps the user acknowledge, draw out, and discharge negative energy, including old emotional patterns, past traumas, and suppressed feelings. Malachite's ability to draw out negative energy can assist in discovering the energy blocks and patterns that may be causing physical disease. Use Malachite on the Third Eye to facilitate psychic vision. Use Malachite with the Heart Chakra to bring balance and fidelity to relationships with other people.

Highly protective, Malachite absorbs pollution and shields against radioactivity. Put one or two pieces of Malachite in a child’s room if they have a computer or television. Place one near computers or other electrical items in the home or office.

Physically, Malachite may be useful in easing menstrual cramps and childbirth. It may also ease headaches, inflammation, broken bones, rheumatism, asthma and insomnia.

Moonstone

Reminiscent of moonlight, this Rainbow Moonstone is partially translucent and glows with rainbow colors in blue, green, pink and/or gold. Moonstone is related to Labradorite and Rainbow Moonstone is sometimes called White Labradorite. These cabochons are perfect to use in any healing session or in your meditations.    The shape of these cabochons makes them convenient to put on a person during a session and they are small and flat to be able to fit into your pocket or crystal pouch.
 
In general, Moonstone is associated with the Moon and thus is a wonderfully helpful stone for women. A stone of intuition and insight, Moonstone helps us to connect to all the different cycles we experience in life. Moonstone helps balance the emotional body, especially any aggressive tendencies in males or females. Many people find moonstone to be very soothing and use it to help relieve stress. Many women like Moonstone for its ability to balance hormonal and menstrual cycles.

Physically, it is said that Moonstone may promote conception by aiding all aspects of the reproductive system. Moonstone is also known to help with digestive system, including the liver, and may aid in the absorption of essential vitamins and minerals.

Working with the Third-Eye and Crown Chakras, Rainbow Moonstone connects us to Divine Inspiration, and channels it into our own intuition. Working with Rainbow Moonstone encourages introspection and judgment, yielding easier decision making. Moonstone also enhances one's emotional vision, bringing greater creative abilities and freedom of expression. These properties are also enhanced by Rainbow Moonstone's ability to open one up to increased balance that we often cannot see due to being wrapped up in our daily routines. Rainbow Moonstone can also offer increased patience and allowing, so those newly found balances can flow into our lives unimpeded.

Rainbow Moonstone can raise our vibrational frequency to create a smoother transition into meditation. It calms the physical mind from the chatter that can affect our meditative state. This allows us to simply "BE" in that space with no distraction. Rainbow Moonstone allows the Crown Chakra and those above to open and bring in loving white healing energies that will flow through us to the very core of our being. Rainbow Moonstone helps us to remember our true nature.

Morganite

Morganite is a very gentle stone, allowing for easy, gentle release of emotions, "like an angel holding my heart." Those overwhelmed by the huge Heart chakra opening brought on by Rose Quartz will resonate better with Morganite's slow, gentle opening that moves at the rate that's right for the user.

Morganite's clear and pure heart energy eases the pain of old emotional wounds and forgotten traumas. Unfulfilled emotional needs and unexpressed emotions are brought forth by Morganite as it nurtures the emotional body. Encouraging patience and reverence for life and all living things, Morganite brings forth loving thoughts and actions, keeping the user centered in love. Morganite's sweet energy makes it the stone of puppy love and first kisses.

Physically, Morganite may ease symptoms associated with chest ailments such as emphysema and asthma. It may help with heart palpitations, thyroid problems and nervous system disorders.

Obsidian -Snowflake

Snowflake Obsidian helps to draw emotions to the surface and to examine harmful thought patterns. A good choice for past life work, Snowflake Obsidian heals old karmic patterns and helps in examining harmful thought patterns.  

Sometimes called the "stone of purity," Snowflake Obsidian is associated with the skeletal and vascular systems, and is said to support smooth skin. Snowflake Obsidian calms and soothes when working with the Sacral Chakra, and is also good for working with the Root Chakras.

Peridot

Peridot is a known healing crystal that sends it's energies to the Heart Chakra, bringing positive energy and encouraging mental, emotional, and spiritual growth. Crystal healers love Peridot for it's ability to awaken one to the idea of Universal Love by saturating the Heart Chakra with higher frequency vibrations from the Universal Energy Field. Peridot is also helpful for releasing emotional attachments to things or people.

Working with the Heart Chakra, Peridot can help one to learn how to live from the Heart, remaining faithful to one's own inner truth. Peridot can help with issues of self-worth, bringing relief to unhealthy emotions such as anger, resentment, and jealousy. Its work with the Heart Chakra can improve relationships by assisting with emotional healing.

Peridot may also help physical ailments of the heart, lungs, and thymus.

Pietersite

Pietersite is a high vibration stone that is used by many healers in their energy work. It works to activate and balance the Third Eye and Solar Plexus Chakras, and is known as the stone that holds "the keys to heaven". This chatoyant stone is very popular with healers for it's ability to stimulate the pineal gland, thus enhancing one's intuition and insight. When working with Pietersite for these purposes, one will find that it's ability to increase one's will can help to facilitate progress with specific spiritual goals. Attuning to Pietersite can deepen one's connection to the etheric body, which is also helpful for those spiritual journeys.

Be aware that power and strength are amplified with Pietersite, and can come with a release of any emotions that have been previously repressed. These characteristics beg one to be somewhat prepared when working with the energies of Pietersite. This quality can be quite helpful to those working with deeply buried, past life issues that are creating conflicts in the present.

Pietersite can protect one from bad weather conditions, especially while driving. At home, it will calm nervous pets (and their owners) who are afraid of thunderstorms. Creative types will find more self-confidence in themselves and their abilities when wearing or carrying Pietersite for any length of time. Pietersite can help one to find creative solutions to problems.

Meditating with Pietersite can facilitate a deep meditative state, even to the point of trances and out of body experiences, depending on the individual’s desires and experience. The energies of this of stone can clear blockages and bring light into the subtle bodies, allowing for greater progress in one's spiritual life.

Physically, Pietersite may assist with such issues as exhaustion, confusion, headaches and all types of breathing difficulties.

Prehnite

Known as the Stone of Prophecy, Prehnite has long been used by South African indigenous shamans. Prehnite boosts prophetic abilities, and is a good stone to use when working with tarot or crystal balls. Prehnite enhances visualization and spiritual "knowing," and aids in connecting with higher realms, including your higher self as well as spiritual and extraterrestrial beings. Lucid dreaming is induced by Prehnite, while dreams are made easier to remember and nightmares are reduced.

Prehnite is said to "heal the Healer," and can be used to revitalize your personal healing environment. Put Prehnite in your garden to create a healing sanctuary for yourself. Use Prehnite with energy grids to enhance protective fields, calm, and bring inner peace.

Prehnite fosters a strong sense of trust in Universal principles. As such, Prehnite stops hoarding of both possessions and of love by fostering a belief in the abundance and power of the Universe to manifest whatever is needed.

Prehnite may clear toxins from the body and balance the meridians, and help you say “no” to unreasonable requests. Prehnite encourages acceptance, emotional release, forgiveness, and compassion. It helps to remain true to self, uplift the spirit and find clarity of heart and mind.

Pyrite (Chalcopyrite)

Chalcopyrite can be used to help find “lost” objects.  Many say it may also often “disappear” to accumulate information which will be beneficial to the user.  Chalcopyrite enhances the abilities of perception and strengthens contact with the ancient cultures of the universe.  Chalcopyrite does this by acting as a bridge, a connective force, between the physical and other cultures.

Chalcopyrite removes all types of energy blockages.  It is specifically helpful in opening the Crown Chakra, cleansing and activating at the same time. Chalcopyrite is an excellent companion when in meditation, as it helps to attain and maintain the meditative state.

Chalcopyrite can be used in many healing modalities and may stimulate and repair RNA/DNA damage, reduce inflammation and it may relieve pressure of tumors and/or growths.  It inspires the infinite energies of the universe to activate the maintaining energies of the body.

Quartz- Clear

Clear Quartz is known as the "Master Healer" of the mineral kingdom, with its very high vibration, and is the most versatile healing stone among all crystals. Quartz is said to be the most powerful healing stone of the mineral kingdom, able to work on any condition.

Clear Quartz is also known as the "Stone of Power" and can help to amplify any energy or intention. Clear Quartz is believed to protect against negativity, attune to your higher self, and relieve pain. Quartz crystals are very programmable and have a tendency to hold a program much longer than other minerals. Clear Quartz works with all the Chakras.

Rutilated Quartz

A stone often used in Attunements, Rutilated Quartz promotes a connection with the Divine. It is a self-contained example of two very synergistic minerals working in combination with each other, where each mineral enhances the energies of the other. Many crystal lovers utilize the energies of Rutilated Quartz for channeling and astral travel. Rutilated Quartz is also used to enhance psychic abilities, clairvoyance, and telepathy. It is helpful to think of the Rutile within Rutilated Quartz as a spiritual antenna of sorts, via which you can broadcast and receive vibrations from a higher source.

Rutilated Quartz is useful for amplifying energies and intention, and is therefore great for programming, meditation, and dream-work. The fine vibrations from rutilated quartz can easily facilitate the deeper state of mind that is conducive to lucid dreaming and productive meditation sessions. Simply gazing into Rutilated Quartz can bring one into an altered state of consciousness. Programming is the same as it is for Clear Quartz, however the program is amplified even more so in Rutilated Quartz Crystal.

Rutilated Quartz puts off an exceptionally high level of energy, and is said to bring physical and mental balance and stability. Many use Rutilated Quartz to help promote mental clarity, to draw off negative energy, to cleanse the aura, and to heal the etheric body. Rutilated Quartz also enhances self-reliance and helps with decision-making. Use Rutilated Quartz as a link between the Root and Crown Chakras, or to get to the "root" of a problem, and to bring in Divine Inspiration for a solution.

Smokey Quartz

A very powerful metaphysical stone, Smokey Quartz emits a high level of energy. Smokey Quartz helps ground the holder with Earth energies and is good for working with the Root and Earth Star Chakras. Use Smokey Quartz to absorb and transmute negative energy. Smokey Quartz is also a great stone for pain relief, and helps to prevent healing crises after a strong energy session. Smokey Quartz can help integrate messages and/or spiritual energy received in higher chakras into the lower chakras and anchor expanded consciousness into the physical body.

Smokey Quartz is also a great stone for pain relief, and helps to prevent healing crises after a strong energy session. Smokey Quartz can facilitate meditation, helping to deepen the state and heighten awareness, while simultaneously pulling away negative energies from the aura. These Smokey Quartz Hearts send out a comforting vibe, and can be good for clients to hold during a massage or an energy healing session.

Rose Quartz

Rose Quartz is the stone of unconditional love. One of the most important stones for Heart Chakra work, Rose Quartz opens the heart to all types of love — love of self, love of family, love of friends, romantic love. Because it is quartz, Rose Quartz does have a high energy, but its vibe is also calming and soothing.

Rose Quartz raises self-esteem, eases guilt and balances emotions, lowering stress and bringing peace. Use Rose Quartz to enhance positive self-affirmations. It is a great crystal for increasing creativity and the imagination and, as such, is a helpful tool for writers, musicians and artists.

Known as a romance stone, Rose Quartz can be used to attract love. Put a piece of Rose Quartz by your bedside table, or in the relationship corner of a room or home to attract new love or to add trust and recommitment to existing relationships. Rose Quartz adds loving energy to relationships, bringing calm and peace. The comforting and soothing energy of Rose Quartz can also help heal a broken heart, allowing release of pent-up emotions and grief. Rose Quartz also helps release unexpressed feelings about others.

Physically, Rose Quartz helps bring about a more youthful complexion; aides in circulatory, heart, adrenal gland, spleen and kidney ailments; alleviates vertigo, asthma and varicose veins; eases problems with sexual frustration and balances the sex drive.

Rhodonite

Rhodonite helps to balance the emotions and calm impatience. Rhodonite is a very supportive stone that works with the Heart Chakra to attract love and ground negative energies. Rhodonite allows one to see areas in their life that can be improved on without getting down on, criticizing or judging oneself.

Like Rhodochrosite, Rhodonite is often used for rediscovering your inner gifts, as well as for bringing much-needed love into the world. Rhodonite can also help one to remember their soul-purpose of incarnation, and facilitate living from the heart.  This lovely stone also helps one to remember that the best rewards come from serving the highest good. Carrying Tumbled Rhodonite to help provide support to the Higher Heart Chakra, which in turn will promote the service of the Spirit.

Rhodonite can assist one in discovering your true passion, and learning brand new skills to enhance that passion, if necessary. Rhodonite encourages people to find ways to be of service to humanity and helps to draw in synchronicity related to this goal. Rhodonite can enhance power in those who have truly altruistic intentions.

Rhodonite is a Heart and Root Chakra stone that helps one to process energies in these areas more efficiently. Use Rhodonite as a stone of power, to bring strength and vitality to the body and spirit so they can support higher vibrations needed for personal evolution.

Physically, Rhodonite is believed to support detoxification and help in healing of the organs, especially the liver. Rhodonite may help healing ailments of the heart, lungs, and nervous system, and is also used to reduce swelling and inflammation.  Tumbled Rhodonite may also be used to stimulate the metabolism. Hold Rhodonite when feeling panicked and/or anxious.

Ruby

Ruby is a powerful Heart Stone, opening and activating the Heart Chakra.  Ruby protects against the loss of heart energy, and dissolves emotional congestion.  A powerful heart healer, Ruby heals and balances emotions, makes you more emotionally aware, and helps you connect to others emotionally.  The intense and vivid energy of Ruby stimulates loving emotions, helps with the expression of love, and can facilitate states of passion and bliss.

Ruby helps us to see the true nature of love, and reveals the Divine Love in everything in the Universe.  Using Ruby can help you open up to and receive this Divine Love, as well as become a vehicle through which Divine Love can flow to others.  Protective Ruby can help shield against psychic and emotional attacks. 

Ruby Zoisite

Ruby in Zoisite enhances psychic abilities, aids in the communication of spirit guides and, when placed on the Crown chakra, amplifies spirituality, engaging the body’s own energy field. Ruby in Zoisite helps you to maintain your individuality while still being part of the world around you.  It keeps you from over-reacting to difficult situations and prevents mood swings.

Ruby in Zoisite transmutes negative energy into the positive. It is especially helpful during the grieving process, allowing you to release that pain and sorrow and gain spiritual comfort while getting on with your life and regaining that passion. It also enhances that passion into compassion for others who may be going through the same.

Physically, Ruby in Zoisite may calm a racing heartbeat while maintaining the body’s equilibrium, especially during times of stress. It may relieve inflammation and promote strength in the immune system, heart, and lungs. Ruby in Zoisite may help heal problems associated with the reproductive organs and increase fertility, both in men and women. It may be helpful after a miscarriage or hysterectomy. Ruby in Zoisite may also be beneficial in fighting bacterial infections.

Zoisite is one of those stones that beg you to “get up and go”. Zoisite can help you get back your creative spark and focus on what you really enjoy doing. It keeps you from being lazy and idle. Zoisite transmutes negative energy into the positive and further enhances trust, not only in yourself, but the universe in general. It helps you understand and communicate your own truths, without the influence of others.

Associated with the Earth element, Zoisite helps you get out and enjoy nature, bringing with it a sense of joy and wonder. At work, this lovely stone can keep you on track, especially when being interrupted. It’s a good stone to keep by the phone to deter unwanted callers.

Ruby is a powerful heart stone, opening and activating the Heart chakra. Ruby protects against the loss of heart energy, and dissolves emotional congestion. A powerful healer, Ruby heals and balances emotions, making the holder more emotionally aware, as well as helping them to connect to others emotionally. The intense and vivid energy of Ruby stimulates loving emotions, helps with the expression of love, and can facilitate states of passion and bliss.

Sapphire

Sapphire is a stone of wisdom, the different colors of Sapphire each containing its own type of wisdom.  Also known as a stone of prosperity, Sapphire sustains life force and attracts joy and peace.  Sapphire opens the mind to beauty and intuition.

Blue Sapphire increases intuition and mental clarity.  A stone of spiritual healing and spiritual truth, Blue Sapphire is useful when channeling healing energies from the Angelic Realm or a higher source.  This makes Blue Sapphire an especially good stone for practitioners of Reiki and similar modalities.  Blue Sapphire helps the user stay on the Spiritual Path, boosting psychic and spiritual powers, and is a great stone for Earth and Chakra healing.

Used with the Throat Chakra, Blue Sapphire enhances vocal healing modalities such as chanting.  Blue Sapphire also facilitates self-expression and speaking your Truth.   Blue Sapphire fosters loyalty, commitment, and fidelity, making it useful in relationships both romantic and professional.

Serpentine

Serpentine helps to clear out and release the clouded/dense areas of all chakras so that healing can occur. Serpentine will help with healing on all levels (mental, emotional, and physical). Serpentine forms a unique connection to promote healing in the way that is best for each individual.

Serpentine can be used to attract/manifest what you want into your life--abundance on all levels, prosperity, love, healing, etc.  It aligns your intent with the Heart Chakra and Source energy.

The name "Serpentine" was given to this stone since many types of Serpentine resemble the color and texture of the serpent's scales.  What better stone to use when working with the rise of Kundalini energies (Kundalini is a Sanskrit word meaning either "coiled up" or "coiling like a snake."). Serpentine helps to create an opening so that the Kundalini may travel and lessons the discomfort, which is sometimes associated with movement. Serpentine also enhances the meditative state and retrieval of ancient wisdom.

Shungite

Shungite, which looks similar to coal, has the ability of conducting electromagnetic and geothermal energy, and yet absorbs and shields the body from electromagnetic emissions such as those caused by computers, microwaves, Wi-Fi and the like. Shungite can also absorb negative energy and remove it from a person or even an entire space. It will replace stress and negative emotions into positive energy, while at the same time keeping the user grounded and protected.

Not only does Shungite remove negativity, but it may also rid the body of pollutants, bacteria, viruses and free radicals. You may use Shungite to help detoxify the body, bolster the immune system and relieve pain and inflammation. It may ease headaches and insomnia. Shungite may help with a variety of issues and ailments, from asthma and arthritis to chronic fatigue syndrome, pancreatic conditions and cardiovascular disease.  

Sodalite

By stimulating the Pineal Gland, Sodalite clears the Third Eye, and deepens meditation.  Place Sodalite next to your computer to help clear electromagnetic pollution.  Working with the Throat and Third Eye Chakras, Sodalite is thought to combine these energies in such a way as to allow the fusion of logic and intellect with intuitive knowledge.  Sodalite is often used when altruism and/or idealism are needed in a situation.  Carry or hold a Rough Sodalite Chunk to help facilitate a sense of internal knowing of the intuitive ideas that are necessary to one's spiritual evolution.

Sodalite is said to promote companionship, and can be used in group settings, where cooperation is needed.  These natural pieces of Sodalite can be quite helpful to someone in need of enhancing their intuitive abilities.  Sodalite is also very helpful for those who seem to be encountering many difficulties in their life, as it can bring unhealthy, ingrained patterns to the surface to be released, and it can promote deep self-examination to reveal underlying causes to one's problems.  When dealing with such covert issues, one should work with the stone consistently, by meditating with it and possibly sleeping with it under the pillow to help bring productive dreams.

Sodalite may also help metabolism and the immune system, and may help regulate blood pressure.

Sunstone

Metaphysically, Sunstone is known for its powerful connection to the light and power of the sun. Sunstone brings light to all situations, and carrying a piece around with you can help your personal power to "shine." Once known as a stone of good luck, Sunstone has a bright, joyful energy that increases vitality and lightens dark moods. 

Sunstone helps empower those who feel persecuted or abandoned by others instilling confidence, optimism, encouraging motivation, and positive action. Sunstone is also useful in removing energy-draining ties to you or "hooks" into your energy by other people. 

Sunstone is a great stone for the Solar Plexus Chakra, but can clear and energize all chakras.

Tiger Eye – General

Tiger eye is said to be a blood fortifier, supporting your general vitality. It may strengthen the endocrine system and assist in bringing your hormones and biochemistry into balance.
Tiger eye may have a pain relieving effect. It may slow down the flow of energy in the body and it may dampen over excitation of the nerves and over stimulating of the adrenal glands. Tiger eye may help improve your eyesight.

Tiger eye helps those who tend to go to extremes, find equilibrium in their emotional lives. It can help create harmony between people with different viewpoints, religious beliefs or approaches to life. It is an excellent aid in bringing harmony to families and relationships where differences of opinion or expression are causing discord.  
Tiger eye assists you in keeping your distance from external influences that may come storming in on you. It also mitigates the influence of moods and stressful situations. 

Tiger Eye is a stone of mental clarity. It activates and whets the intellect, sharpening your logic centre. 
Tiger eye helps you retain and overall view in complicated difficult situations and it also helps with any doubts and difficulties that you may have in making decisions.

Tiger eye teaches balance between polarities and the underling unity behind apparent opposites. It assists in balancing the physical with the spiritual and actualizing Spirit through mundane tasks. 
Tiger eye helps you to get through difficult phases in life without losing courage. It helps preserve that spark of trust in God that leads you in dark moments.

Gold/Brown Tiger Eye

Gold tiger eye may reduce cravings for the wrong kind of food and the desire to binge or purge. It may reduce your emotional dependence on cigarettes, prescription drugs or alcohol. This stone may reduce anxiety caused by feelings of isolation or inadequacy. It may increase your willpower and emotional stability to make health improving regimes more likely to succeed. 

Gold tiger eye will assist you release feelings of jealousy. As you see why or what is making you jealous, use this stone to focus your attention on raising your own self-confidence. This stone helps you master emotions during periods of upheaval. It encourages you to remember that change and new beginnings are a time for renewal and growth.

Gold tiger eye offers you psychological and psychic protection to reflect back any malice or threats from others without you absorbing any of the negativity. Gold tiger eye will help you determine if a person or offer being made is reliable, just hold the stone and trust in the feedback. Gold tiger eye will help you overcome the fear of failure or competition by helping you understand that your mind is the only thing that is holding you back. Gold tiger eye assists with mental clarity. The yellow tones brighten and lighten your outlook on all that is positive, and it opens your mind to unlimited possibilities. This stone is a good companion when you are trying to remain grounded and focused on your goals and dreams and how they might be accomplished. It can help you feel empowered and unaffected by other peoples opinions on how you should act and what you should be doing. Gold tiger eye helps you keep your thoughts aligned with your personal truths and values. 

Gold tiger eye combines earth energy with the energies of the sun to create a high vibrational state that is grounded while bringing the spiritual energies to you.  If placed on the third eye it will enhance your psychic abilities. Tiger eye balances the lower chakras and stimulates the rise of kundalini energy. Gold tiger eye livens your ability to remember your dreams and use the dreams for spiritual advancement. This stone sparks your imagination, which is the key to understanding your intuition. The energy of this stone reminds you to embrace your spiritual potential and allow divinity into your spiritual practice. Use this stone to connect with the spiritual power of the sun as a source of nourishment for your soul.

Blue/Black Tiger Eye

Blue tiger eye may provide help for all slow moving degenerative diseases, as it triggers the body’s natural resistance. It may assist in reducing deep seated tumors or growths anywhere. It may useful for men when dealing with prostrate.  Blue tiger eye may useful for treating the hernia, bowels, large intestine and anus in both men and women. This stone may enhance healing of ulcers, deep vein thrombosis, mental and physical blackouts, whatever the area and cause.

Blue tiger eye may improve vision, especially night vision. This stone may be helpful for relieving headaches, migraines, sinusitis, eye problems, sore throats and earaches. It may be useful for fighting infections, reducing inflammation and lowering fevers. Blue tiger eye is a good stone for an astrologer, counsellor, psychologist, or life coach.

This is a stone for men who have suffered a severe emotional or psychological setback, such as loss of a life partner through death or desertion. It is ideal for those who have suffered a redundancy in later life and there is no prospect of re-employment or a financial disaster. It assists you to work through grief and anger and offers you the ability to start to rebuild your life step by step in a new way. Blue tiger eye can be used to help deepen your understanding of difficult situations and people, promoting emotional balance. When you use this stone to gain mental clarity, you will also find that emotional balance is restored as you sort out your feelings and gain perspective.

Blue tiger eye acts as a shield to reflect back hostility and to protect you against emotional or psychic vampires. If you know that you are about to interact with one of these people place this stone on your third eye, throat and heart chakras to seal your chakras and psychic energy within your body. 

Blue tiger eye is an ideal stone for bouncing back unhelpful energy with triple the force it was sent with and for galvanizing the body and mind’s defenses. 

Blue tiger eye helps ground and calms your mental chatter so that you have the clarity to move in the right direction at the present moment. This stone is useful when you are feeling confused or when circumstances seem chaotic. Carrying the energy of sight, this stone promotes seeing life from and aerial view, like a falcon, so that you can approach life from a higher perspective.

Blue tiger eye is both empowering and protective for anyone in the military, on deployment, to focus on their strengths and loyalties to one another, even in the midst of tragic and frightening events. 

Give this stone to anyone who has to walk home alone at night, or lives alone in an area where there is a lot of gang warfare or trouble, to remain calm and exude personal power. Blue tiger eye helps you to increase your clairvoyant skills. This stone activates all 6 sensory gifts - clairvoyance (see), clairaudience (hear), clairentience (feel), clairscent (smell), clairtangency (touch) and clairgustance (taste). The blue energy in this stone aligns you with the cosmic forces that provide inspirational messages to guide you in your life. With this stone you will be able to understand the significance of karma, retribution, and the spiritual consequences and benefits of your actions or lack of action.

Red Tiger Eye

Red tiger eye may assist with anemia, blood and blood cell disorders. It may help heal eye infections and improve night vision, encourage overall body strength and vitality. Red tiger eye may increase your libido, overcome sexual dysfunction and potency. It may reduce the side effects of menopause, menstruation and psychosomatic illnesses. It may aid your recovery after surgery.

Red tiger eye supports the base chakra and strengthens your connection with the earth. This stone helps you maintain focus on your core needs; food, shelter and water: which are always provided for you with the right intention, translating to money and prosperity. Red tiger eye improves your libido increasing feelings of sexuality and sensuality. 

This stone will fill you with an enthusiasm for life. It increases optimism particularly in depressive people. Red tiger eye is a calming stone. It reduces anger and irritability particularly in men. 
Red tiger eye will assist you in tapping into your personal power. Use this stone to shore up inner strength and courage when you are feeling emotionally weak and vulnerable. It helps you let go of paranoia or unfounded fears and strengthens your belief in yourself. Red tiger eye reminds you that it is safe for you to be powerful.

Carry red tiger eye with you when you are in a situation where there is discord within a group as it will calm the mind and even out emotions. This stone will help you break down your energy blocks during meditation. It encourages creativity on all levels. Red tiger eye amplifies your business acumen. Use this stone to assist in seeing the big picture rather than noticing the minutiae. Red tiger eye will trigger your inner entrepreneur, due to its ability to amplify your determination to succeed. It will help you think outside the box when looking for solutions to problems and then put them into actions.

Red tiger eye is a useful grounding force in your spiritual practice and motivates you to implement a spiritual discipline if necessary. The red energy of this stone is helpful for any type of moving meditation from yoga and tai chi to walking meditation. It is a stabiliser to maintain mindfulness and single pointed focus. Red tiger eye removes the desire to procrastinate and adds verve and vigour to your spiritual practices.

This stone connects the Kundalini and Hara Lines at the base and perineum chakras, aids in drawing Earth energy into the body and chakra system, starts the flow of Ch'i kung microcosmic orbit through the Hara Line, increases life force energy through the Hara channels, raises the kundalini and offers protection. Red tiger Eye speeds up the metabolism and increases a slow sex drive.

Multicolored Tourmaline

Tourmaline has long been associated with attracting wealth into one's life.  Tourmaline Crystals work with and connect all the Chakras, and align the subtle bodies which, when used with this intention, can help bring order and flow into one's life. 

Tourmaline Crystals are great for healing work and for creative projects.  Having such a variety of types of Tourmaline can help one persevere to bring a project through to fruition from beginning to end.

Tourmaline – Black

Black Tourmaline is used for protecting one's energy field against negative vibrations, and also for drawing negative energies away from a person. It can have a calming effect when needed, grounding flighty or scattered energies into the earth. Those who suffer from negativity, frequent worrying, and/or OCD can work with Black Tourmaline to help heal these issues. Meditation with Black Tourmaline can enhance the integration of insights and visions into one's daily life.

Black Tourmaline cleanses, purifies, and transforms dense energy into a lighter vibration. Use Black Tourmaline to help with electromagnetic smog (i.e. cell phones) and increase physical vitality. Black Tourmaline is a fantastic stone for grounding and protection, and aids in opening up the Root Chakra. Physically, Black Tourmaline is a purifying and detoxifying stone, helpful in cleansing the body.

Turquoise

Turquoise is considered to be a bridge between Heaven/Sky and Earth, grounding us while still remaining open to Spirit. Many Native American cultures believe Turquoise helps to connect the mind to the infinite possibilities of the Universe, and Turquoise is considered sacred in many Chinese cultures as well.

Turquoise is a wonderful companion to use when removing and releasing old behaviors such as self sabotage and self martyrdom that no longer serves in growth.

Turquoise is great for working with the Throat Chakra, to foster honest and clear communication from the heart, and with Water and Air Elements. Enhancing intuition, Turquoise also enhances communication between the physical and spiritual realms. Use Turquoise to release old vows, express freely, and ease nerves when speaking in public. Turquoise is a protective stone, often being used for amulets. Turquoise is also a healing stone, providing strength and purification.

Unakite

Unakite balances the emotional and spiritual bodies, and provides gentle release of energetic blockages.  It helps us to move on from outmoded beliefs from the past.  Unakite can also be used for help with past-life regression therapy, and facilitates the understanding of previous events and their roles in the current incarnation.

A stone of vision, Unakite can open and activate the Third Eye Chakra to receive spiritual insights from higher realms.  Unakite's grounding effect can bring a calming influence to any environment, and is great for the workplace or the home, sending out peaceful vibes to all those nearby.

Physically, Unakite is said to be good for the reproductive system, for healthy pregnancies, and for the healthy development of unborn babies.  Unakite may also protect against electromagnetic pollution from computers or cell phones.  Unakite may be used during recovery from trauma or major illnesses, helping the cells to "remember" the state of perfect health.

 

*The information provided above was found on HealingCrystals.com, CrystalsAndJewelry.com, CrystalDreamsWorld.com, CrystalVaults.com, and HealingWithCrystals.net.au.

**These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease or health condition.

***Carmen is not a medical doctor.  These products should not be used as a substitute for sound professional advice.

****By purchasing anything from Carmen, you agree to do your own research before using anything and hold Carmen harmless against anything bad that might happen to anyone, anywhere, ever.